30周年纪念特刊写作提示

30周年纪念特刊 [修学人间佛教] 的主题(法师提供写作提示

一、人间佛教不同人乘佛教:

人间佛教是在人间修行菩萨道,属于大乘;而人乘佛教是五乘中的人乘。

二、人间佛教和人生佛教:

相同点:注重在人间或人生修菩萨道,以人为主;去除鬼神化,十方世界重视此世界,三世重视此世,出世又入世。

不同点:前者在人间直接修菩萨道;后者在人间修学人乘,然后再修菩萨道,所谓人成即佛成。前者依印度佛教;后者依中国佛教。前者站在思想史的立场说法;后者站在宗教的立场说明。前者以中观思想为究竟;后者以如来藏思想为圆满。前者以学佛三要包含一切菩萨道;后者以传统六度为菩萨道。前者去除天化;后者缺此。

三、人间佛教的重点:

人菩萨乘:在人间以凡夫身一直修菩萨行以致成佛。

契理契机:契理;以法和律的合一、缘起性空的统一、自利与利他的合一做为理论的原则。契机;注重青年的信仰、处世的精神和健全团体的组织。

人菩萨行:即以学佛三要包含六度、四摄:(1)信;包含愿和精进,(2)智;包含定和方便,(3)悲;包含施、戒和忍。

四、写作选题的重点:

依教育、文化、慈善、康乐和总务等五组,就以上三点选取小部分写作,例如:康乐组之合唱团团员,可以写如何以人间佛教的精神或态度唱佛曲及跟别的团员互动等;千万别选 [修学人间佛教] 等大题目写作,这是博士论文的题目。

Theme for the 30th Anniversary Commemorative Magazine – ‘The Practice of Human-Realm Buddhism’

1) The difference between Human-Realm Buddhism and Human Vehicle Buddhism:

Human-Realm Buddhism is the practice of the Bodhisattva Path in the human realm, and comes under the umbrella of the Mahayana sect. However, Human Vehicle Buddhism is the Human Vehicle in the Five Vehicles of Buddhism.

2)  Human-Realm Buddhism and Human-Life Buddhism

Similarities: Both emphasize practicing the Bodhisattva Path in the human realm, and focuses on human beings, whilst doing away with beliefs in gods or ghosts.  Amongst all the worlds of the ten directions, it pays attention to this world. Amongst the three periods, it stresses the present period, especially transcending the world and still engaging the world in the present period.

Differences: The former practices the Bodhisattva Path directly in the human realm. The latter practices the Human Vehicle in the human realm then followed by practicing the Bodhisattva Path, as once the human is enlightened, he / she becomes a Buddha. The former is based on Indian Buddhism; the latter on Chinese Buddhism. The former is based on the history of Buddhism thoughts; the latter on a religious standpoint. The former sees Madhyamika as the ultimate goal; the latter sees Tathagatagarbha as complete. The former is based on ‘The Three Essentials in Following the Buddha Dharma’ encompassing all of the Bodhisattva Path; the latter is based on the traditional Six Paramitas as the Bodhisattva Path. The former removes deva-centric orientation; the latter does not.

3)  The key points of Human-Realm Buddhism

The Human-Bodhisattva Vehicle: Practice the Bodhisattva Path as an ordinary person in the human realm until the Enlightenment.

Timely Teaching of the Timeless Truth: Timeless Truth is with reference to the combination of the Dharma and Vinaya, unison of Dependent Origination and Nature (of things) is Empty and combination of benefiting others and self-benefiting. These are the principles of the doctrine. Timely Teaching refers to its focus on the faith of the youth, engaging the world and having a healthy organization.

The Human-Bodhisattva Practice: ‘The Three Essentials in Following the Buddha Dharma’ encompasses the Six Paramitas and the Four All-Embracing Virtues. 1) Faith, which includes resolve and right effort. 2) Wisdom, which includes concentration and expedient means. 3) Compassion, which includes giving, precepts and patience.

4)  Key points on topics of the article

With reference to Education, Culture, Welfare, Recreation, and General Affairs sub-committees, select a small segment from the above three points. For example, a Recreation sub-committee choir member can write about how they practice the Human-Realm Buddhism’s aspiration while singing and interacting with fellow members. Please refrain from writing directly on the practice of Human-Realm Buddhism, as it is a broad topic more suitable as a PhD thesis.